Scots from every part of the country joined up to 'do their bit'.

When Lord Kitchener, Secretary of State for War, called upon the men of the country to volunteer for the war effort the mantra was, 'Your country needs you'. The Scots had a long history of volunteering when the country and Empire needed able-bodied men and the First World War was no exception.

In response to Lord Kitcheners clarion call, Scots from every part of the country, joined up to 'do their bit'. The men and women came from cities, towns, villages and  hamlets. From Selkirk to Stornoway, and from Barra to Barrhead, the men of the country enlisted in the thousands. According to a report in The Scotsman, men of all types and classes were curious to take their place in the ranks and shoulder a rifle.

At the start of the hostilities the women who mobilised for the fighting front were in the Queen Alexandra's Imperial Military Nursing Service (QAIMNS) and the Reserve (QAIMNSR). Also, many Scottish nurses were in the Territorial Force Nursing Service (TFNS) which initially was meant for home service but as the demands for casualty care increased, many of the TFNS found themselves at the front. There were also women of influence and independent means such as Millicent the Duchess of Sutherland,  who set up  her own  independent  hospital  which did not come under the jurisdiction of the War Office.

The Scots were to be found in every branch of the services and voluntary organisations and, to a man and woman, they represented the geographic and demographic makeup of Scotland.